Working from home ergonomics checklist: 10 essential tips for optimal home office setup

With the rise of remote work, many individuals have come to love working from home and skipping out on the morning commute. However, without the proper ergonomic setup, this convenience can lead to discomfort, decreased productivity, and potential health issues.

In this article, we present a comprehensive working from home ergonomics checklist of 10 steps to help you level up your remote work game. By following these guidelines, you can create a workspace that promotes productivity, comfort, and overall well-being. 

Choosing the Right workspace

Selecting an appropriate workspace is crucial for maintaining focus and productivity. It is important to designate a specific area in your home that is separate from distractions and has sufficient room for your equipment and tasks. This dedicated workspace will help create a clear boundary between work and personal life, enabling you to fully engage in your work and minimize distractions.

Ergonomic desk and chair

Investing in an ergonomic desk and chair is essential for long-term comfort and posture support. Look for a desk that allows for adjustable height and provides ample surface area to accommodate your work materials. Similarly, choose a chair that offers adjustable features, such as seat height, backrest position, and armrest height, to provide optimal support for your body. An ergonomic chair with lumbar support will help maintain the natural curve of your spine, reducing the risk of back pain and promoting proper posture during long work hours.

Proper desk height and alignment

Ensuring that your desk is at an appropriate height is crucial for maintaining proper alignment of your arms and wrists. Adjust it to a level that allows your forearms to be parallel to the floor when typing, with your elbows forming a 90-degree angle. This alignment will prevent strain on your wrists and shoulders, reducing the risk of repetitive strain injuries.

Keyboard and mouse placement

Position your keyboard and mouse at a comfortable distance from your body. Keep them at elbow level and close to your body to avoid unnecessary strain on your shoulders and wrists. Consider using a keyboard tray or an adjustable keyboard stand to achieve the optimal position. Additionally, using an ergonomic keyboard and mouse with wrist support can further enhance comfort and reduce the risk of repetitive strain injuries.

Monitor placement and eye level

Proper placement of your monitor is essential to prevent neck strain and eye fatigue. Position your monitor at eye level, so that the top of the screen is at or slightly below your eye level. Maintain a distance of approximately arm’s length away from your eyes, and adjust the screen angle to minimize glare. Using a monitor stand or adjustable monitor arm can help achieve the desired height and viewing angle.

Lighting and glare reduction

Optimizing lighting conditions in your workspace is crucial for reducing eye strain and maintaining productivity. Utilize natural light as much as possible by placing your desk near a window or using sheer curtains to diffuse harsh sunlight. Supplement with adjustable artificial lighting to ensure sufficient brightness for your tasks. Position your monitor to avoid glare and consider using an anti-glare screen if necessary.

Organized and accessible workstation

Maintaining a tidy and neat workstation is key to minimizing distractions and improving focus. Remove unnecessary clutter from your desk and ensure that frequently used items are within arm’s reach. Use desk organizers, drawers, and cable management solutions to keep your workspace neat and free from unnecessary visual distractions.

Incorporating movement and stretching

Integrate regular movement and stretching breaks into your work routine to prevent stiffness and promote blood circulation. Take short walks, stretch your muscles, and perform simple exercises that target areas prone to tension, such as the neck, shoulders, and back. This not only improves physical well-being but also enhances mental focus and productivity.

Proper posture and body mechanics

Maintaining good posture while working is crucial for avoiding musculoskeletal discomfort and reducing the risk of injuries. Sit upright with your back supported by the chair’s backrest. Keep your feet flat on the floor or use a footrest if needed. Avoid slouching or crossing your legs for extended periods. Remember to engage your core muscles to support your spine and distribute the load evenly.

Taking regular breaks and resting the eyes

To prevent eye strain and visual fatigue, it is important to take regular breaks to rest your eyes from the screen. Follow the 20-20-20 rule: every 20 minutes, look at an object 20 feet away for 20 seconds. This simple practice helps reduce eye strain and allows your eyes to relax and refocus. Additionally, use these breaks to stretch your body and change your posture, promoting overall well-being.


Working from home offers numerous benefits, including flexibility and convenience. However, without careful attention to ergonomics, the home office can become a source of discomfort and stress. This checklist will guide you in setting up your home office space to maximize productivity and ensure physical well-being. By following these ten essential tips, you can establish a workspace that supports good posture, reduces the risk of discomfort or injury, and enhances your overall work experience. Prioritize your health and productivity by implementing these ergonomic guidelines in your home office setup.

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