Have you ever wondered what a heart attack feels like? Do you worry whether you’ll experience one at some point in your life?
Many people experience heart attacks each year, and many more die from them before making it to a hospital. Learning about heart attacks and figuring out early symptoms can lead to faster treatment, survival, and a reduced risk for further complications.
We’re going to look at the types of heart attacks, so you have a full understanding of what to look out for in yourself or others. Keep reading to know more.
A STEMI or ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is the more acute and serious form of heart attack and is usually caused by a complete blockage in the main coronary artery. The most common symptom of a STEMI heart attack is lasting chest pain or discomfort, which may spread to the back, neck, jaw, arms, or stomach.
Depending on how much of the heart muscle is damaged, other signs and symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, wheezing, sweating, confusion, or dizziness. These symptoms usually last for at least 15 minutes.
Treatment usually involves medications to treat the pain, help blood vessels dilate, reduce the risk of the formation of dangerous blood clots, and prevent further damage to the heart. Emergency surgery may be required to remove the blockage.
NSTEMI Heart Attack
NSTEMI, non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, is a milder form of a heart attack. This is caused by a partial blockage in the coronary artery. This results in less oxygen and blood being delivered to the heart.
NSTEMI is usually caused by a gradual buildup of plaque in the artery and may cause chest pain, nausea, and sweats. The prognosis with NSTEMI is usually more favorable than with STEMI. Also, it often involves aggressive medical treatment and lifestyle modifications.
Treatment may involve medications such as anti-platelet agents and cholesterol-lowering drugs. Also, there must be lifestyle changes such as a healthier diet and regular exercise. With prompt treatment, NSTEMI heart attacks can often be successfully managed to prevent more serious heart complications.
Coronary Artery Spasm
Coronary Artery Spasm or CAS also called unstable angina or a silent heart attack. It is caused when an artery that supplies blood to the heart suddenly narrows or closes. As a result, it reduces blood flow to the heart muscle.
Without enough oxygen and nutrients, the heart cannot function properly and can suffer injury. Coronary Artery Spasm is diagnosed by an Electrocardiogram (EKG) which can detect abnormal heart rhythms.
Treatment for this involves medications to relax the arteries. Also, these medications help improve blood flow, lifestyle changes, and possible angioplasty or bypass surgery.
Narrowing of the arteries which carry blood away from the heart can cause peripheral artery disease. If you have the symptoms, make sure to see a peripheral artery disease specialists right away.
See Your Doctor to Prevent These Different Types of Heart Attacks
It is important to maintain a healthy heart. This is essential for heart attack prevention.
Heart attacks can have a range of serious complications and life-threatening effects. Knowing the main types of heart attacks can help you better prepare for the signs and seek timely treatment.
If you suspect you or a loved one is experiencing a heart attack, seek medical help immediately. Talk to a healthcare provider to learn more about how to manage heart attack risk factors and symptoms.
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